W&M > VIMS > CCRM > Wetlands > Teaching Marsh > Wetland Plants > Salt Tolerant Plant List

Teaching Marsh: Salt-tolerant Native Plants for Tidal Shoreline Banks & Slopes

- (with salinity greater than 15 ppt & above regular tidal inundation and wave action)


Deciduous Trees

Hackberry ( Celtis occidentalis)

Sweet gum ( Liquidambar styraciflua ) - cultivars without seed pods available

Black cherry ( Prunus serotina )

Bald cypress ( Taxodium distichum )

Persimmon ( Diospyros virginiana ) - edible fruit


Evergreen Trees

Eastern red cedar ( Juniperus virginiana )

Sweetbay magnolia ( Magnolia virginiana )

Loblolly pine ( Pinus taeda )

American holly ( Ilex opaca ) - thorny leaves shed in spring


Shrubs

Groundsel bush ( Baccharis halimifolia )

Marsh elder ( Iva frutescens )

Wax myrtle ( Morella spp. formerly Myrica spp.)

Inkberry ( Ilex glabra )

Yaupon holly ( Ilex vomitoria ) - weeping varieties available

Beach plum ( Prunus maritime ) - edible fruit


Grasses Vines

Switch grass ( Panicum virgatum ) Virginia creeper ( Parthenocissus quinquefolia )

Saltmeadow hay ( Spartina patens ) Trumpet creeper ( Campsis radicans )

Coral honeysuckle ( Lonicera sempervirens )


Blooming Perennials

Hibiscus ( Hibiscus moscheutos )

Marsh mallow ( Kosteletzkya virginica )

Asters ( Aster spp. - various species)

Blanket flower ( Gaillardia spp.)

Goldenrods ( Solidago spp.) - volunteers in unmowed areas

Coneflower ( Echinacea spp.)

Black-eyed susan ( Rudbeckia hirta)

Orange coneflower ( Rudbeckia fulgida)

Blazing star ( Liatris squarrosa)


Additional Information:

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat & Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake BayWatershed www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/index.htm

Native Plant Nurseries - list available from Virginia Native Plant Society www.vnps.org/nurserylist.pdf

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