W&M > VIMS > CCRM > Living Shorelines > Design& Build Criteria > Nonstructural

Living Shorelines: Non-Structural Options for Low Energy Shorelines

Non-structural design options are most suitable in very low energy settings with minor erosion, minor wave action and good growing conditions.  Target areas include the upper reaches of tidal creeks, tidal coves, and other areas protected from excessive wind and wave action. 

More information can be found for each option by clicking the link.

Riparian Buffer Enhancement

Vegetation Management

Create and maintain an integrated vegetation network using riparian buffer + upland bank + tidal marsh plants.

Marsh Planting

Planted Marsh

Using wetland plants to create a new tidal marsh or enhance an existing one.

Fiber Logs

Fiber Logs  

Manufactured, bio-degradable logs that provide temporary erosion control and support for new wetland and bank vegetation.

Bank Grading

Bank Grading 

Reduce the steepness of the bank slope. Allows for wave run-up and improves plant growing conditions.

Beach Nourishment

Beach Nourishment & Dune Restoration

Add sand to an existing beach to increase width and elevation, plant dune vegetation for additional stabilization.


Go to Hybrid/Structural Options

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Riparian buffer enhancement Planting marsh Fiber logs Bank grading Beach dune restore