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shoreline management

Coastal Topics Catalog: Shoreline Management

research projects
A Critique of Existing Methodologies for Developing Shoreline Management Plans for Local Governments
This project evaluates costs and benefits of two different approaches for providing guidance to local governments on shoreline protection strategies. Stakeholders in the process were surveyed for input and a review of consistency, efficiency and product accuracy was undertaken.

Living Shorelines:Evaluation Criteria and Monitoring Approaches to Erosion Control
This is a project funded by the Keith Campbell Foundation/Virginia Institute of Marine Science with the goal of evaluating erosion control effectiveness of existing shoreline treatments that incorporate a living shoreline component in their design. These are mostly marsh toe protection structures and low profile riprap shallow water sills. Both of these approaches, in theory, preserve wetland habitat while attenuating shoreline erosion. The project involves development of evaluation criteria for use in field survey, identification of existing

Monitoring the Active Replenishment of Subsiding Habitat (MARSH) project
This project is an ongoing study of the Lee, Hill, and Sweet Hall marshes in the Pamunkey River. The study focuses on the documentation of the relationship between marsh surface elevation and the marsh plant community. The project includes experimental manipulation of the study sites involving a variety of methods for raising the elevation of the marsh. Evaluation of the potential for controlling the composition of the marsh plant community by incremental additions of material to the marsh surface is underway. Other studies include the community structure of birds, fish, insects, and benthos as well as detailed water quality and elevation monitoring. An interim report can be found at http://ccrm.vims.edu/MarshNewsletter.pdf

The Stability of Living Shorelines - An Evaluation
This project provides scientific rational for the expanded use of soft structure stabilization for tidal shoreline protection. A series of tests was performed to develop a profile of landscape suitability for soft shoreline stabilization. Analyses were performed on data describing shoreline condition. Shoreline change mapping in selected study areas determine effectiveness of shoreline treatments. An environmental assessment combines various data to develop the shoreline profile for effective soft stabilization and develops a spatial suitability model. Final products include a report and outreach material posted to a dedicated website to be announced.

York River Water Trails Guide
This project assists in the development of basemaps for a water trail guide along the mainstem of the York River. The project is the downstream continuation of a previous guide which was developed for the Mattaponi and Pamunkey Rivers. The guide will highlight special natural features along the river as well as historic cultural sites and recreational facilities.

science publications
Integrated Guidance for Tidal Shorelines


Interagency Shoreline Management Consensus Document
This project to develop a consensus position from a VIMS perspective, with funding from the Virginia Coastal Program, may serve as the initiation of an effort to develop consensus guidance on shoreline management that integrates the issues and concerns extant in the various independent management programs in Virginia.

MARSH Project Newsletter
Scientists at VIMS are studying the effect of spray dredging a thin layer of material on the marsh surface in three locations. At the same time, other smaller scale experiments involving Koir logs and mesh were installed to test sediment trapping effectiveness.

Rivers & Coast: Living Shorelines
This article addresses why living shorelines are desirable and how they can benefit the homeowner's property.

Shoreline Situation Report Summary
A report on the shoreline situation reports for each locality and the methods used.

Study of Tidal Shorelines in Virginia; Recommendations for Living Shorelines and Tidal Resources Sustainability
The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) was directed under Senate Joint Resolution 35, to conduct a study of tidal shoreline management in Virginia. The resolution directed four specific tasks to be included in the study: “(i) review tidal shoreline management in the Commonwealth and similarly situated states; (ii) identify potential changes to the regulatory structure of tidal shoreline management to reduce the cost and time required to issue a permit; (iii) identify regulatory innovations that would increase adoption of living shorelines among shoreline landowners; and (iv) make specific recommendations to achieve the sustained protection of tidal shoreline resources.

The Development of Shoreline Situation Reports for Tidewater Localities
A report describing the shoreline inventory project for various tidewater localities.

Think Green - A report on controlling shoreline erosion in the Chesapeake Bay
A publication to provide guidance in shoreline erosion along coastal areas. The encouragement of living shoreilnes is also addressed.

Tidewater Shoreline Erosion
A pdf of a document by Byrne and Anderson describing a shoreline erosion study in various localities of Virginia.

Tools of the Tidal Shoreline Management Trade
This report is designed to provide background information for evaluation of restoration options in mitigation situations for power generating stations in Virginia. The report provides 25 information on fish species that might be targeted for restoration activities. There are at least four general ways in which environmental compensation might occur associated with generating station cooling water intakes. These include: 1. direct replacement of lost organisms through culture and stocking programs; 2. enhancement of support-species populations to increase survival in stocks of impacted species; 3. direct enhancement of aquatic habitat to increase suitability for impacted species; and 4. enhancement of watershed conditions to generally improve local and downstream aquatic habitats.

map products
Comprehensive Shoreline Inventory for the State of Maryland
This project involves application of the shoreline inventory protocols developed by the Center to all of the tidal shoreline in Maryland. The resultant data base provides a spatially explicit inventory of shoreline condition, resources, and structures in a GIS accessible format. The project involves extensive field work to complete boat surveys of the shoreline with advanced GPS equipment. Link to GIS databases at: http://ccrm.vims.edu/disclaimer_shoreline_situation.html

Digital Shoreline Coverage
Baseline GIS coverages in support of a statewide GIS database devoted to natural resource mapping in the Coastal Plain of Virginia. The shoreline, provides the basic boundary layer for most analysis in coastal Virginia.

Shallow Water Use Conflicts Tool
This project uses GIS to evaluate conditions suitable for a variety of activities that may occur within the shallow water zone of the estuary.

Shoreline Assessment Mapper
SAM is provided as a data resource to assist local and state government staff as they review shoreline conditions and make recommendations regarding proposed permit actions.

Shoreline Situation Report Charles City County, Virginia
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Cities of Chesapeake, Norfolk, and Portsmouth
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report City of Hampton
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report City of Newport News
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Fairfax, Arlington, Alexandria
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Henrico Chesterfield Richmond
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Isle of Wight
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report James City County
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Northampton County
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Prince George County
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Prince William County
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Surry County
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report Virginia Beach
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Report York County
Shoreline inventories divide the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes.

Shoreline Situation Reports and their Application for Tidal Wetlands Management - A Demonstration Project in Westmoreland County
This project has two primary phases. The first is to conduct a second shoreline inventory of conditions existing in the county of Westmoreland, Virginia. The second phase reviews and extracts shoreline alteration projects from the VIMS Wetlands Permit Database that have been permitted between the years 2001 (first survey) and 2006. The projects will be compared with shoreline structures that have been observed and mapped between 2001 and 2006 as part of the inventories. This demonstration project is intended to determine if the combined activities of maintaining a database of construction activity and conducting shoreline surveys collects sufficient information to 1) report on resource trends over time; 2) identify violations or construction of unauthorized structures along the shoreline, 3) delineate hot spots of shoreline activity and heightened risks to ecological resources.

Shoreline Situation Reports for Selected Localities: Caroline, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties
This project advances the development of Shoreline Situation Reports throughout the cities and localities within the Tidewater region of Virginia. Shoreline Situation Reports were first developed by VIMS in the 1970s to support coastal management activities and decisionmaking. CCI is attempting to update the series, and publish a new inventory for each city or locality. The process includes robust data collection in the field using GPS equipment, post processing of data using GIS and remote sensing tools, and the development of map inventories on a county by county basis. With funding from the Virginia Coastal Resources Management Program, three additional inventories will be added to the Virginia Shoreline Inventory shortly. The counties of Caroline and Stafford are now online and Westmoreland County will come online early 2007. GIS data for all published inventories are posted under Shoreline Situation Reports at: http://www.vims.edu/ccrm/gis/gisdata.html

training

Currently Defended Shorelines – the Next CCRM Decision Tree
Training on the use of decision trees for currently defended shorelines.

Decision Tree for Currently Undefended Shorelines and Those with Failed Structures
A shoreline management decision tree for undefended shorelines and those with failed shoreline structures (such as bulkheads and riprap revetments). A tree-like graph of questions and answers about shoreline characteristics leads the user to the environmentally preferable approach for management of that shoreline.

Developing a curriculum for a living shorelines education course for project designers and contractors
This project involves designing curriculum for a course to educate shoreline project designers and contractors about the use of “Living shoreline” designs. The course stresses the reasoning behind the recommended design criteria, so that participants learn why the designs function naturally, not just how to build them. The course also stresses interactions between the upland riparian zone, the wetlands and the aquatic system – three areas that are functionally integrated and tend to be impacted by shoreline projects.

Joint Resolution Shoreline Management Study
A look at legislation and guidance for shoreline management in Virginia and surrounding states.

Living Shoreline Design and Construction Guidance
Guidance manual designed for living shoreline construction

Living Shoreline Monitoring
A presentation on the negative effects of hardening the shoreline and the need for alternative erosion protection.

Living Shorelines Website 2010 Presentation
A description of the updated CCRM Living Shorelines Website

Shoreline Management Planning and Information Sharing
A presentation describing data format and delivery preferences, valuable resources and information gaps.

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